Moong knew as green gram, is used all over India to make sabzi and many sweets.
Today through this post I will share soil preparation, disease management, harvesting, and many more things required in moon farming.
Sand Requirement & Regions where it can be Grown
Moong is a kharif and semi-rabi crop that can be grown on a variety of soil but loamy soil is very good for this crop.
Moong farming is suitable in Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Arunachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, & Uttar Pradesh States of India.
I am from Rajasthan and I am doing Moong farming for the last five years & as per my experience I can say, this crop can withstand temperatures from 10° Celsius to 50° Celcius.
If the temperature starts to move above 35° Celcius and there is no rain for many days & the sand has started to become dry then it’s compulsory to start irrigating the green gram crop to avoid fading.
Preparation of Soil
Preparation of Soil starts in April. We need to remove all the unwanted small plants from the field.
As I grow green gram organically so I sprinkle the organic manure/khad which is prepared from my cows dung, I rear these cows in my dairy farming business.
I do this work in the end of April month.
Now after 10 to 15 days of sprinkling manure, I start the process of harrowing the field, and after this land becomes neat and clean like a flat desert.
Choosing best variety of Moong
Mark my words, if you have done all the work right from land preparation to the sowing of seeds but your seed selection is wrong then your Moong farming yield will be less.
I have read many posts on green gram farming & many are sharing Moong variety from seeing books because they have never done this farming.
I have tried many varieties of moong, and in between this I have faced yield loss because some varieties yield more and some less in the same field.
But last year one of my relatives suggests to me that they are sowing a variety of Moong through which they are able to yield 30 quintals from just 1 hectare.
I had a concern at that time because they were living 50 kilometers away from me and they have an irrigation system as well, which I don’t have.
I depend upon rain for my crops, but in the end, I sowed that variety and you will not believe me the results were amazing.
Touchwood, my moong grow very big but the yield was less as compared to my relatives said because I don’t have an irrigation system and due to water unavailability some plants started to fade off, the rain came but it was a little bit late.
The yield was 30 quintals Moong from 1.5 acres but I was happy because I haven’t seen this much yield of green gram in my life from my farms.
The rate was 7,000 per quintal and I sold at that time, so total earning was:
= 7,000 × 30 = 2,10,000. This was my profit from Moong farming.🤑
Yes, this is true I am not telling lie.
Probably you are thinking what was the name of the Moong variety?
The variety name was Western Mahavir.
I bought this from a shop in Sikar and their site address is: https://www.westernagriseeds.com/.
I am not promoting any product and this is not any paid advertisement.
I am just sharing my experience in Moong farming, & this information is provided because I don’t believe in giving half information.
Right Time, Right Distance & Appropriate Quantity to sow seeds
The right time to sow the seeds of Moong is at the end of June & starting of July month, it is not fixed as it depends upon the first rain of the monsoon.
Moong plants become 1 to 2 feet wide in diameter so the proper distance between two plants is compulsory & I use at least a 1/2 feet gap.
You can also take help from government farmers helpline numbers they will guide you on this.
The appropriate quantity to sow seeds is 15 kilograms per hectare.
Important: The area covered in one hectare can vary from place to place in India so it’s good to either ask the seed distributor or tractor driver about the number of seeds required.
Weeding in Moong Farming
Weeding helps Moong plants to grow faster, wider, & taller which directly increases the crop yield.
Usually, weeding in green gram farming is done after 20 to 30 days or when we realize that weeds are extracting nutrients from the soil.
Make sure to collect weeds at one place after weeding this will prevents weeds to grown again.
Normally only one weeding is done in Moong farming but some farmers do two as well, which is mostly done after two & half months of sowing seeds, this boosts the yield a little bit. 🤑
You will see many kind of disease in Moong farming but here I will share the distance which I faced:
Yellow Mosiac Disease
This disease is usually caused after one month of sowing and in this, the leaves of Moong plants start to get too many yellow patches and if fruits have started to come then they also become shrunken and shorter.
This disease directly impacts the yield because the size of the moong seeds starts to become small in size which directly reduces the weight of the seeds.
To prevent your crop then it’s better to regularly visit your farm and if you see any plant with yellow patches on leaves then immediately pluck that plant along with roots and destroy it away from your farm.
As this disease starts from one or two plants so if we follow the above-mentioned method then we can decrease this disease completely. 👍
This is the main disease that I faced and I don’t face any other type of disease because it also depends upon seed selection.
If you are facing any other kind of disease or worm development on the plants then make sure to either spray pesticides or organic pesticides to control & you can also take help from your seed distributor.
You can also watch videos on YouTube related to the formation of fertilizers and pesticides from cow dung and urine to grow your crops organically like me.
After weeding let the moong crop grow automatically, you can also remove grass other than Moong for extra benefits.
Well, moong crop take at least 90 to 120 days to be harvested. Here are some of the signs which shows that green gram crop harvesting is near:
1. The green gram beans/phali will start to become black.
2. The seeds inside the beans will begin to become harder.
3. Leaves start to become black and sometime if crop not harvested on time then leaves also start to shed.
4. Go at any elevated area of your field & see around, if you are seeing green color then your crop is not ready for harvesting, the crop can only be harvested if the whole crop color starts to become blackish-brown.
If you have confirmed that the crop is ready to be harvested then start harvesting.
While harvesting you need to pluck Moong plants from hands along with roots, then place them on the ground one by one up to 30 plants, now this bunch of Moong plants will be easy to carry and gather at one place.
After gathering all the bunches, let it dry for 10 to 15 days, and then you can call a thresher machine to get your yield.
Congratulations, your yield is ready for sell in Mandi or to any other person.🤑
Things to Remember
While doing green gram farming we need to take care of somethings which are as follows:
1. To do farming of green gram organically it’s important to add cow dung manure.
2. Leveling of land is compulsory so that water can reach every plant.
3. Cloudy days are not good for the crop, this year there was no sun for many days which resulted in bad quality Moong seeds.
4. If you have a doubt that your field and is not suitable for Moong farming then as an experiment you can grow some plants in the kharif season with other crops. 👍
5. As farming of moong is a kharif crop so make sure to avoid irrigation if not required because direct rain or rainwater is very beneficial for this crop.
6. Moong farming can’t be done on land where Moong or any other crops were grown on that land last year, if farming did then the yield will be less, if you have a big land then you can divide it into two parts then start farming on this land alternatively.
I have tried my best to provide all the information about Moong farming & hope you like the post, I regularly write posts on business ideas so make sure to check them.
Disclaimer: All the information provided in this post is for educational purposes only. This site or I will not be responsible for any profit or loss in any business.